## What is a pro forma balance sheet?

As pro forma forecasts are hypothetical in nature, they can deviate from actual results, sometimes significantly. Pro forma profit after taxes is figured by subtracting the pro forma tax bill of \$70,500 from the pro forma profit before taxes of \$235,000. Your pro forma profit after taxes, in this case, would be projected at \$164,500. Pro forma taxes are figured by taking your estimated tax rate—in this case, 30 percent—and multiplying it by the pro forma profit before taxes of \$235,000.

Then, in this case, you assume there will be no increase in the cost of each item you are selling, but you will need 10 percent more items to sell in order to achieve your sales goals. So, you multiply this year’s cost of goods sold (let’s assume a figure of \$500,000) by 110 percent to get \$550,000. As an example, he explained that if the base case is that revenue grows by 20% over the next few years, one may want to lower that projected growth rate to, say, 10%, to see how the firm’s financials look. Sakshi Udavant covers small business finance, entrepreneurship, and startup topics for The Balance. For over a decade, she has been a freelance journalist and marketing writer specializing in covering business, finance, technology.

## Budget Tracking Template

Pro forma projections ensure that there are no surprises as you manage your liabilities and additional assets like inventories. A potential investor in a start-up is going to analyze pro forma balance sheets to calculate their potential return on their investment. how to prepare a pro forma balance sheet This is because the cash flow statement relies on figures from both the pro forma income statement and the pro forma balance sheet. Pro forma balance sheets should be employed to forecast a few scenarios at a time, rather than relying on a single set of results.

If we don’t have all of the relevant information, we may have to get creative to estimate it. If we get a consistent percentage across multiple periods, we can assume a correlation between costs and inventory. When the https://personal-accounting.org/normal-balance-definition/ percentage is consistent across multiple periods, there is likely some correlation between sales and receivables. Luckily, cash has already been handled in our example template, so we’ll move on to the next item.

## Q: What are the 3 benefits of creating a pro forma?

Every small business should create a budget, and the budgeted financial results are pro forma statements. An owner may create pro forma reports to assess the potential profitability of a product, or to determine if a business expansion makes financial sense. Once the pro forma balance sheet is prepared, the pro forma cash flow statement can be prepared. Since the preparation of the balance sheet depends on figures obtained from the income statement, the pro forma balance sheet is the next pro forma financial statement to be prepared.

• Fortunately, there are Excel templates that can help you achieve that — or even smarter solutions (more on this later).
• Then it merges them to show what your financials would have looked like if you made a business combination (or merger) earlier.
• The difference is that the financial forecast details the company’s expected results of operations as a single-point estimate or a range.
• These assumptions can be off by a little or a lot, but the bottom line is their outcomes should not be weighed too heavily in decision-making without other indicators to back up the assumption.
• A full-year projection is just what the name suggests—accounting for the current year.

Pro forma balance sheets are useful for planning for potential growth and developing firm plans for the future. Traditionally, financial statement analysis is used to better understand a company’s performance over a specified period. While this provides insight into a company’s historical health, creating pro forma financial statements focuses on its future. For this reason, these reports can be leveraged in several ways, including analyzing risk, projecting investments, and showing expected results before the end of a reporting period.

## Full-Year Pro Forma Projection

It’s used to show the company’s ability to operate in the long term and short term based on existing cash inflows. If you don’t know how each of the companies defines its pro forma figures, you may be comparing apples to oranges. Companies’ definitions of pro forma vary along with their internal methods for forecasting and making assumptions.

Report on key metrics and get real-time visibility into work as it happens with roll-up reports, dashboards, and automated workflows built to keep your team connected and informed. Use this Excel pro forma invoice template to create your own pro forma invoices. In year 3 of producing your good, you know you want to buy a warehouse for your inventory. Your 5-year balance sheet will help to forecast if that expense can be bought with cash or if it will need financing. To get sign-off from key stakeholders, win investors, and strategically plan, you need to demonstrate that your ideas make financial sense. We can now add everything up to get total equity, which leaves us with one final task.

## Determine the Reporting Date and Period

One of the primary limitations of using pro forma balance sheets is the reliance on calculated and forecasted figures. Pro forma statements are typically prepared with assumptions about future growth, expenses, and revenue. These assumptions may change due to unanticipated events which can significantly affect the figures and outcomes. When acquiring a new business, a potential buyer may need a pro forma balance sheet to make an informed decision about whether the acquisition would be a good investment. This type of statement provides an estimate of the current value of a company’s assets and liabilities, as well as its potential future performance. A pro forma balance sheet can show the buyer the financial capacity of the acquired business before they commit to it.

Equity is the difference between a company’s assets and liabilities, and represents the value of the business after all liabilities have been paid off. It reflects the owners’ contributions to the business and is the basis for calculating income and taxes. Equity must be calculated and included in the pro forma balance sheet in order to get a clear view of the business’ future performance. When creating a pro forma balance sheet, the liabilities must be included so that the owner can predict what their liabilities will be in the future.

The sample pro forma statements below may look different from the statements you create, depending on what your template looks like. But generally, these are the steps you need to take to create them—and the info your pro forma statements should include. You may be courting investors or trying to convince your business partners of the value of a capital investment or additional financing.

• Pro forma statements don’t need to meet the strictest accounting standards, but must be clearly marked as “pro forma” and can’t be used for things like filing taxes.
• Then, in this case, you assume there will be no increase in the cost of each item you are selling, but you will need 10 percent more items to sell in order to achieve your sales goals.